Plant spacing is based on the ultimate width of the plants. This figure is normally given as a range; for example, 3-5’. If you live in a cold climate and/or want plants to fill in more quickly, plan to space at the shorter end of the range. If you live in a warm climate, are on a limited budget, or are willing to wait longer for plants to touch, use the higher end of the range. Using the larger number is recommended when calculating distance from a building or structure. There’s really no such thing as "maximum spacing": if you don’t want your plants to touch, you can space them as far apart as you’d like. All plant spacing is calculated on center, or in other words, the centers of the plants are spaced one half of their eventual width apart:
Unless you are planting in a straight line, as you might for hedges or edging, space your plants in a staggered or zig-zag pattern for a more interesting and naturalistic look:
Hand-picked at our greenhouse
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Arrives as young plant
DescriptionPrized for its shocking appearance in the landscape, this black four-leaved clover (Trifolium repens) looks like a houseplant that wandered outside and somehow survived. But in fact, it is actually quite cold hardy, thriving in USDA zones 4-9, and is much easier to care for than an indoor plant. It grows freely in average soils and will spread by creeping stems, able to fill in areas with bare soil beautifully. Perfect for planting next to pathways, within mixed borders, or as a ground cover in shaded areas. It performs well in pollinator gardens, where it provides nectar early in the season with its pretty white flowers, and it will benefit the rest of your plants as it is a nitrogen fixer.DetailsBotanical name: Trifolium repens 'Atropurpureum' Common name: White clover, Dutch clover, Black Four-leaved clover Zone: 4 - 9 Sun exposure: Full (6+ hrs/day) to part sun (4-6 hrs/day) Height x width: 3-6" X 3-12" Flower color: White Foliage color: Green and dark purple Season of Interest: Late spring to early summer Uses: Container gardening, cottage gardening, edging, ground cover, small spaces, pollinator gardens, lawn replacement. How To GrowSoil: Will grow in most soils, but prefers soils with good drainage. Light: Grows in full to part sun, but performs best in part sun. Water: Enjoys moist, but not soggy soil while establishing and throughout life in the garden. Once established it will tolerate dry conditions. Spacing: 6-12" Fertilizing: Does not need fertilization, but if desired a light application of all-purpose garden fertilizer can be done in spring. Winterizing: No winter preparation is needed. Maintenance & Pruning: Spent flowers can be cut off, but this isn't necessary. If a compact habit is desired, shear back after spring bloom. In extreme heat plants may wilt, in this case you can cut back them back to see a flush of re-growth later in the season.