Plant spacing is based on the ultimate width of the plants. This figure is normally given as a range; for example, 3-5’. If you live in a cold climate and/or want plants to fill in more quickly, plan to space at the shorter end of the range. If you live in a warm climate, are on a limited budget, or are willing to wait longer for plants to touch, use the higher end of the range. Using the larger number is recommended when calculating distance from a building or structure. There’s really no such thing as "maximum spacing": if you don’t want your plants to touch, you can space them as far apart as you’d like. All plant spacing is calculated on center, or in other words, the centers of the plants are spaced one half of their eventual width apart:
Unless you are planting in a straight line, as you might for hedges or edging, space your plants in a staggered or zig-zag pattern for a more interesting and naturalistic look:
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DescriptionWhile tractor seats ( Ligularia or Farfugium) may be well-known tender perennials in the south, our friends at Walter's Gardens have bred the new cultivar 'Tractor Seat' Ligularia to be cold hardy to USDA zone 4! Massive (16") leaves boast deep green hues and a subtle shiny sheen that commands attention in shade gardens. Flowers bloom above the foliage in midsummer with long, bright yellow petals, attracting bees and butterflies. It's deer resistant, making it a suitable replacement for hostas in gardens that suffer from deer damage. For the best performance, plant it in an area with early morning sun and consistently moist (or even wet) soils alongside astilbes, toad lilies, or cranesbill.Details Botanical name: Ligularia 'Tractor Seat' Patent #: PPAF Common name: Ligularia, Leopard plant, Goldenray Zone: 4 - 9 Sun exposure: Part shade Height x width: 3.5' X 4.5' Flower color: Yellow Foliage color: Green Season of interest: Summer Bloom time: Summer Features: Wet soils, rain gardens, proven winners, heat tolerant, deer resistant, container plants, cold tolerant, best for beginners Uses: Borders, containers, edging, ground cover, massing, small spaces, under planting, woodland How To Grow Soil: Grow in any average soil with average to abundant moisture. Light: Part shade - filtered light or 4-6 hours of sun. Water: Average to moist. Keeping this plant too dry will cause it to enter dormancy prematurely. Spacing: 3.5 - 4 ft Fertilizing: Apply compost or aged manure in spring to increase organic matter content and provide a nitrogen boost. Winterizing: Winter mulching will prevent the freezing and thawing that can heave plants roots. Maintenance & pruning: Cut back the entire flower stalk after flowering to put the plants energy into growing more leaves.